MONARDA didyma

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MONARDA didyma

Bee-Balm, Bergamot, Oswego Tea
[Goldmelisse]
Select Item No. MA196

Also available as:

Available

One Portion is usually sufficient for approx. 50 plants.
Please switch to gram for larger quantities.



Plant Description

Life Cycle: Perennial
Family: Lamiaceae
Origin: Eastern North America: streambanks.
Special Features: Mostly red blossoms, four-sided stems. Attracts hummingbirds.
Historical: The flowers were used by North Americans Indians to make tea which were considered useful treatments for colds, stomach aches and insomnia.
 
Basic Colour: (red / scarlet / purple)
Flower Colour: mostly red
Natural Flowering Period: June - September
 
Winter Hardiness Zones: Z4 - Z8
Foliage: scented, mint-like
Growth Habit: upright, erect / clumping
Height with Flowers: 110 cm
Spacing between Plants: 90 cm
Soil Requirements: moist
Location:
Characteristics: medicinal plant / beneficial plant / tea herb / culinary herb
Usage: honey-bee food plant
Grams per 1000 seeds: 0.71429 Gram
Seeds per Gram
(does not correspond to the number of plants!):
1400
Gram to get 1000 plants
(if sown directly into pots etc. you will need a larger quantity):
3 Gram
Sowing Rates/Trays: 4 per cell
Plug tray recommended size(s): 128 / 288
Sowing Direction:

(15) Rapidly germinating, keep seed in constant moisture (not wet) with temperatures of about +20°C [68°F]. Seeds must be covered thinly. Do not cover very small seeds, but tightly press into the earth. Keep in cooler conditions after germination occurs.

Best Sowing Date
(northern Hemisphere, Field condition):
Anytime
Sowing to Germination: 2 - 3 weeks
Germination to Transplant: 4 - 8 weeks
Transplanting to Potting: 6 - 10 weeks
Cutting back at Transplanting: Cut-back once to keep more compact.
Container Size(s): 1-2 plugs per 11/12 cm (4 1/2")
Vernalization: A prudent recommendation would be to provide 6-12 weeks at an average daily temperature of 40°F (5°C). Exposure to cold may not be necessary for flowering but might improve quality.
Forcing: This species is not a suitable candidate for forcing.
Fertilizer: Medium (150-200 ppm)
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