PHRAGMITES australis

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Pure seed PHRAGMITES australis   Portion(s) (Image Rights)

PHRAGMITES australis

Common Reed
(communis)
Select Item No. ZA310

Available

One Portion is usually sufficient for approx. 50 plants.
Please switch to gram for larger quantities.



Plant Description

Article Type: (pure seed)
Life Cycle: Perennial
Family: Poaceae
Origin: Temperate and tropical areas all over the world
Special Features: Strong growing, tall grass for wetlands. This ecotype has proved invasive in Eastern North America. There exists a native Eastern North American ecotype of the Common Reed for this region that is less aggressive. Can also be used to prevent waterside erosion and has been found effective in remediation efforts to remove chemical contaminants from polluted water.
Historical: Young shoots are edible and roots can be boiled. Anecdotal medicinal use for treatment of bronchitis. The reeds are used traditionally in Europe for thatched roofs.
 
Basic Colour: (white / cream)
Flower Colour: purplish-brown turning to silver
 
Winter Hardiness Zones: Z4 - Z9
Foliage: tall canes with arching lateral leaves
Growth Habit: erect / rhizomatous / vigorous
Height with Flowers: 300 cm
Spacing between Plants: 120 cm
Soil Requirements: boggy / along streamsides
Location:
Characteristics: medicinal plant / beneficial plant / groundcover
Usage: water or marshplant
Grams per 1000 seeds: 0.12195 Gram
Seeds per Gram
(does not correspond to the number of plants!):
8200
Gram to get 1000 plants
(if sown directly into pots etc. you will need a larger quantity):
2 Gram
Plug tray recommended size(s): deep open flats
Sowing Direction:

(17) Waterplants must be sown in waterproof plastic trays or similar containers containing a nutritious muddy compost. Fill water up to 1 cm over the top of the compost. Keep the trays at warm temperatures of approximately +22°C [72°F].

Best Sowing Date
(northern Hemisphere, Field condition):
Anytime
Sowing to Germination: 2 - 4 weeks
Germination to Transplant: 4 - 6 weeks
Transplanting to Potting: 6 - 8 weeks
Cutting back at Transplanting: Not Necessary.
Container Size(s): 1-2 plugs per 11/12 cm (4 1/2") / 2-3 plugs per 15 cm (6")
Vernalization: No vernalization required for flowering in the first year.
Forcing: This species is not a suitable candidate for forcing.
Fertilizer: Medium (150-200 ppm)
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